Learning Disabilities - Academic Problems
The academic deficits in children are the hallmark of his disorder
- 1. Reading skills
- 2. Writing skills
- 3. Arithmetic
- 4. Conversation skills
- 5. Auditory perceptual deficits
- • Poor reading
- • Guessing the difficult words
- • Missing out wards in between while reading
- • Slow reading
- • Missing out lines while reading
- • Repeating the same sentence
- • Reading without pause in between.
- • Confusing similar words while reading.
- • Does not see main theme in a picture: picks up some minute details.
- • Sequencing errors: was/saw; on/no
- • Reading improves with larger print.
- • Loses place frequently.
- • Complains eye hurt, itch/rubs eyes.
- • Turns head or paper at odd angles.
- • Reversals:’b’ for ‘d’, inversions ‘u’ for ‘n’.
- • Poor and illegible handwriting
- • Giving pressure on the hand while writing
- • Interchanging of capital and small letters
- • Improper spacing of letters/words/lines
- • Overall in-competency in writing
- • Mistakes while copying
- • Inconsistency while drawing margins
- • Phonetic spelling for words
- • Slow writing skills
- • Lack of fluency in writing
- • Grammatical errors
- • Lack of comprehensive writing
- • Letters not on line
- • Mirror writing
- • Cannot color within lines
- • Confusion between similar numbers
- • Difficulty in solving “story problems”
- • Computational errors
- • Incorrect problem solving strategies
- • Difficulty in understanding basic mathematical concepts
- • Mistakes in telling time
AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL DEFICITS
- • Impaired auditory processing-cannot understand conversation delivered at normal rate.
- • Impaired auditory discrimination-does not hear differences in sounds e.g. mat/mad; pat/pad.
- • Cannot tell which direction sound is coming from.
- • Cannot filter out extraneous noise-cannot distinguish teacher’s voice from others
- • Inability to narrate incidents in a precise manner.
- • Deficient vocabulary.